HISTORY OF THE TURIN METRO
Mister M presents
Turin Metro Museum
The Turin Metro (Italian: Metropolitana di Torino) is the modern VAL rapid transit system serving Turin. It is operated by Gruppo Torinese Trasporti (GTT), a public company controlled by the municipality of Turin. The system comprises one 15.1-kilometre (9.4 mi) line with 23 stations connecting Fermi station in Collegno with Piazza Bengasi in Turin, near the border with the municipality of Moncalieri.
The history of metro in Turin begins in 1930s, when the first project of an underground railway was put forward. However, only a part of the first tunnel was built, and the actual project was put aside. Nowadays, the tunnel is part of an underground parking system.
A new company committed to the development of a metro system in Turin was founded in 1960s. Several projects and feasibility studies were made for a 7 km underground line under the city centre and then for a line connecting FIAT factories to surrounding neighborhoods, but eventually all the proposals were rejected.
In the mid-1980s a new proposal for a system of 5 fast tram lines at-grade was approved. However, only the planned line 3 was built following the original project, while the others eventually were built either as regular tram lines, with no dedicated lane, or as bus lines.
A new project was approved in 1995 for a line running from Campo Volo on the west border of the city to Porta Nuova, the main railway station in Turin. The project was put in hold due to lack of funds.
The project for the underground line was resumed in April 1999 with a longer route to Lingotto based on the VAL system. Works on the line began on 19 December 2000, part of the works for the Turin 2006 Winter Olympics. The first section from Fermi to XVIII Dicembre was opened on 4 February 2006, while the second section on the south to Porta Nuova opened on 5 October 2007.
The route of Italy's first automatic metro connects Collegno (from the west) and Lingotto (from the south) with the center of Turin and the Porta Susa and Porta Nuova train stations.
Fast and integrated metro. Fast, because the average travel time from one stop to the next is only 60 seconds, and from Fermi to Lingotto is just over 20 minutes. Integrated because within walking distance you will find stops of many land lines.
Turin's first metro line is based on the VAL system in Lille and Toulouse. It starts in the center of Turin at the main train station of Porta Nuova, then continues west on Corso Vittorio Emanuele II to Porta Susa train station, and then further west to Collegno along Corso Francia. When completed in October 2007, the first section of the metro line is 9.6 km long and has 14 stations (Porta Susa will open at a later date). After onstruction began in December 2000, the first section was opened in February 2006 during the XX Olympic Winter Games. In 2007 the line was extended to Porta Nuova and in 2011 it reached its current terminus at Lingotto.
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