HISTORY OF THE TIANJIN METRO
Mister M presents
Tianjin Metro Museum
The Tianjin Metro or Tianjin Rail Transit is the rapid transit system in the city of Tianjin, which was the second city in mainland China after Beijing to operate a subway system (the Beijing Subway opened in 1971). Opened in 1984, the system has 6 operating lines and 159 stations spanning 233.2 km (144.9 mi).
The lines are jointly operated by two companies: the Tianjin Metro Group Co. Ltd and the Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd. The former operates Lines 1, 2, 3, and 6, while the latter operates Lines 5 and 9. The two companies merged and regrouped as the Tianjin Rail Transit Group Co. (TRT) in 2017.
Tianjin, as an inland harbor of China, has long been a major commercial city. After the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, the number of vehicles on the roads significantly increased, causing pollution. To overcome these problems, the transport authority decided to close the old tram network and switch over to a rapid transit system.
However, due to cost, it was not until 1970 that construction of the system first took place. The first section, spanning 3.6 km (2.2 mi) of track and 4 stations (Xinhualu, Yingkoudao, Anshandao and Haiguangsi), was completed by February 1976. The second section, with an additional 1.6 km (0.99 mi) of track and the Xinanjiao and Erweilu stations, was completed by 1980. After construction resumed, the total length was 7.4 km (4.6 mi), with 8 stations, and service on the line began on 28 December 1984.
To reduce construction costs, the transport authority decided to use an abandoned canal bed to form part of the system, and did not dig deeply. By using the canal bed, the underground section is only 2–3 meters under the street surface, and was the world's shallowest metro. There were only 1,000 full-time construction workers at that time; the others were volunteers from factories, schools and institutions all over the city.
The railway is the lifeblood of the national economy, and the growth of the national economy and the constant strengthening of the national power have also contributed to the rapid development of the railway industry. The Tangxiu Railway was repaired in Tianjin (Jingshan Line) in 1888, and the first railway was laid in Tianjin. After more than 100 years of development, the Tianjin railway junction has gradually formed a throat that connects the domestic and foreign customs in the national railway network, and is one of the important transport routes from Northeast China to North China and East China. South China.
Tianjin (Tianjin, Tenshin, 9.3 million inhabitants) has always been an important inner harbor, located 40 km from the Yellow Sea (Bohai Bay) and 130 km from Beijing (Beijing).
Tianjin was the second city in China to build an underground railway. Construction of the current line # 1 began in 1970. It runs only 2-3 meters under the streets of the city, partly using a dried-up canal bed. Construction was interrupted by the 1976 earthquake and was resumed and completed between 1979 and 1984. The line began at Xin Hua Street (now Xiaobailou) and ended at the West Railway Station (Xizhan).
Tianjin Metro Line 9 Full POV (Tianjin Raiway Station direction - left side window)
Line 9 connects the main city of Tianjin and the new Binhai area and has a large passenger traffic.
Camera: SOME Phones | Edit: Adobe Premiere Pro
The quality of the underground part is really bad (because of the camera) :(
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