HISTORY OF THE TEHRAN METRO
Mister M Presents
Tehran Metro Museum
The Tehran Metro (Persian: مترو تهران, romanized: Metro-ye Tehrān) is a rapid transit system serving Tehran, the capital of Iran. It is the largest metro system in the Middle East. The system is owned and operated by Tehran Urban and Suburban Railway. It consists of six operational metro lines (and an additional commuter rail line), with construction under way on three lines including west extension of line 4, line 6 and north and east extension line 7.
The Tehran Metro carries more than 3 million passengers a day. In 2018, 820 million trips were made on Tehran Metro. As of 2020, the total system was 253.7 kilometers (157.6 mi) long, 186 kilometers (116 mi) of which is metro-grade rail. It is planned to have a length of 430 kilometers (270 mi) with nine lines once all construction is complete by 2025.
On all days of the week, the Metro service runs from approximately 05:30 to 23:00.
The line uses standard gauge and is mostly underground. Ticket price is 1,500 Iranian Toman for each journey (about US$0.06), regardless of the distance traveled, but using prepaid tickets costs much less. Seniors may travel for free on the metro. On all Tehran metro trains the first and half of the second carriages from each end are reserved for women. Women can still ride other cars freely.
Initial plans for the metro system were laid in late 1960s but could not be executed until 1982 due to socio-political issues such as the Iranian Revolution and the Iran-Iraq war. In 1970 the Plan and Budget Organization and the Municipality of Tehran announced an international tender for construction of a metro in Tehran. The French company SOFRETU, affiliated with the state-owned Paris transportation authority RATP, won the tender and in the same year began to conduct preliminary studies on the project. In 1974 a final report with a so-called "street-metro" proposal was tendered.
Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran, the political, economic, transport, trade, financial and cultural center of the country. The city is located in the north of the country at the foot of the Elburs mountain range, 90 km south of the coast of the Caspian Sea. Nearly 9 million people live in Tehran itself, while the population of the metropolitan area (Greater Tehran) is about 15 million. Thus, Tehran is the most populous city in Western Asia, and in the Middle East, in terms of the number of inhabitants, it is second only to Cairo. Tehran carefully preserves the heritage of Persia: what are the huge mosques with skillful mosaics, noisy bazaars with the aroma of spices and spices, handmade carpets, painted plates and colored lamps.
Tehran, the capital of Iran, started construction of a metro system already during the reign of the Shah, but due to financing problems the first mass transit line could not open until March 1999. This was the suburban line (shown on maps as Line 5) which links Tehran to the satellite town of Mehrshahr, some 40 km west of Tehran. Meanwhile construction of the first two metro lines also had advanced and the first stretch of Line 2, which links the Tehran terminus of the Mehrshahr Line to the city centre at Imam Khomeini, started regular service in February 2000. Since then, the network has been gradually expanded by adding more urban lines:
At Imam-Khomeini-Square, the east-west Line 2 intersects with Line 1, which runs north-south. A first 10 km section opened in August 2001.
I live in Iran not so long ago, but during this time I was able to appreciate the convenience of Iranian railway transport. Decided to make a short video to show how it works. Let's #GO and WATCH