HISTORY OF THE OSLO METRO
Mister M presents
Oslo Metro Museum
The Oslo Metro (Norwegian: Oslo T-bane or Oslo Tunnelbane or simply T-banen) is the rapid transit system of Oslo, Norway, operated by Sporveien T-banen on contract from the transit authority Ruter. The network consists of five lines that all run through the city centre, with a total length of 85 kilometres (53 mi), serving 101 stations of which 17 are underground or indoors. In addition to serving 14 out of the 15 boroughs of Oslo, two lines run to Kolsås and Østerås, in the neighboring municipality of Bærum. In 2016, the system had an annual ridership of 118 million.
The first rapid transit line, the Holmenkoll Line, opened in 1898, with the branch Røa Line opening in 1912. It became the second Nordic underground railway in 1928 when the underground line to Nationaltheatret was opened. After 1993 trains ran under the city between the eastern and western networks in the Common Tunnel, followed by the 2006 opening of the Ring Line. All the trains are operated with MX3000 stock. These replaced the older T1000 stock between 2006 and 2010.
Rail transport in Oslo started in 1854, with the opening of Hoved Line to Eidsvoll, through Groruddalen. In 1872, Drammen Line, going through Oslo West, and in 1879, Østfold Line going through Nordstrand opened, offering a limited rail service to those parts of the city. By 1875, Kristiania Sporveisselskab (KSS) opened the first horsecar trams. In 1894 electric trams were in service by Kristiania Elektriske Sporvei (KES).
The first suburban tram line was the Holmenkoll Line that was opened by Holmenkolbanen in 1898; like all the later suburban tram line these were electric trams with a grade-separated right-of-way and proper stations instead of tram stops, making it the first rapid transit in Oslo.
The idea to build a metro first appeared at the beginning of the 20th century. At this time, Aker commune became part of Oslo. The city expanded, so the authorities decided to unite the capital with the vast annexed territories using the metro.
Brief historical background. The Oslo metro (Tunnelbane or T-bane) developed from several unconnected transport systems, the construction of which began at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. These included suburban railways running from central Oslo along different shores of the Oslofjord, light rail / light rail lines, and lines that were built to metro standards from the start. These lines were not united into a common network, they used various incompatible rolling stock, different power supply (lower and upper current collection), traces of which have survived to this day.
Vlog: almost live)) metro in Oslo