HISTORY OF THE LYON METRO
Mister M presents
Lyon Metro Museum
The Lyon Metro (French: Métro de Lyon) is a rapid transit system serving Lyon Metropolis, France. First opened in 1974, it currently consists of four lines, serving 40 stations and comprising 32.0 kilometres (19.9 mi) of route. Part of the Transports en Commun Lyonnais (TCL) system of public transport, it is supported by two funiculars and a tramway network.
Unlike other French metro systems, but like the SNCF and RER, Lyon Metro trains run on the left. This is the result of an unrealised project to run the metro into the suburbs on existing railway lines. The loading gauge for all lines is 2.90 m (9 ft 6.2 in), more generous than the average for metros in Europe. The Lyon Metro owes its inspiration to the Montreal Metro which was built a few years prior; it has similar (narrower) rubber-wheel cars. Daily weekday ridership was 740,000 in 2011.
Line A (Perrache - Laurent Bonnevay (Astroballe)) and Line B (Charpennes - Part-Dieu) were constructed by cut-and-cover and went into service on May 2, 1978, as the inaugural lines of the Lyon Metro. Trains on both lines run on rubber tyres rather than steel wheels.
Line B was extended to Jean Macé on September 9, 1981, to Gerland on September 4, 2000 and to Gare d'Oullins on 11 December 2013.
An extension to Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie on Line A opened in October 2007.
By 2020, Line B will be automated, with the same system as Line D. New MPL 16 rolling stock has been ordered to Alstom in 2016 for Line B. The MPL 75 trains currently used on Line B will join the other MPL 75s on Line A to increase the capacity.
The Croix-Rousse-Croix-Paquet rack railway, which was refurbished in 1974, was integrated into the Metro in 1978 as Line C, with an extension to Hôtel-de-Ville (thus running from Hôtel-de-Ville to Croix-Rousse). It was extended to Cuire on December 8, 1984.
The metro will quickly take you to the heart of the main districts and centers of activity of the metropolitan area, and then buses, trolleybuses, trams and funiculars will bring you closer to your destination: the TCL network implements additional lines available to all the public.
Lyon is the second largest city in France and is located at the confluence of the Saone and Rhone rivers. Although the city itself has only about 475,000 inhabitants, it has a population of about 1.3 million in the metropolitan area formed by 62 districts (606 km2), including Villeurbann (140,000 inhabitants) and Venice (60,000 inhabitants). Lyon is the capital of the Rhone-Alpes region.
Almost four and a half years have passed since my previous video on the Lyon Metro on May 18, 2013, and during this time it has collected almost 140,000 views, for which I thank you all very much. So, I humbly present yet another Lyon Metro extravaganza filmed on October 18, 2017, to all of you.