HISTORY OF METRO LILLE
Mister M presents
Lille Metro Museum
The Lille Metro (French: Métro de Lille) is a driverless light metro system located in Lille, France. It was opened on 25 April 1983 and was the first to use the VAL (French: véhicule automatique léger, English: light automated vehicle) system. While often referred to as the first fully automated driverless metro of any kind in the world, the Port Liner in Kobe, Japan predates it by two years. The light metro system is made up of two lines that serve 60 stations, and runs over 45 kilometres (28 mi) of route.
The system forms part of a multi-modal public transport system covering the Lille metropolitan area, along with buses and trams, operated under the Ilevia brand.
In the 1960s the decentralisation of the city of Lille was considered; some towns of the Lille region were isolated and were poorly served by existing public transport, while the centre of Lille was congested with traffic and buses. The decentralisation resulted in the creation of the Public Establishment of Lille East development (EPALE) in 1968. In the 1970s, a plan for a proposed four line light metro system was developed, favouring the VAL system over conventional rail systems.
Construction started in 1978, and the first section was opened on 25 April 1983 between Quatre Cantons ("Four Townships") and République. On 2 May 1984 line 1 was completed, with a length of 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) (8.5 kilometres or 5.3 miles underground), linking CHR B Calmette (centre hospitalier régional: "regional hospital centre") to Quatre Cantons via Gare de Lille Flandres. All 18 stations have platform screen doors.
Line 2 opened on 3 April 1989 and it connects Lille with its two large suburban towns, Roubaix and Tourcoing, reaching CH Dron (centre hospitalier: "hospital centre") near the Belgian border on 27 October 2000. It is 32 kilometres (20 mi) long with 43 stations.
Since mobility is a matter of the future, ilévia is constantly innovating in new services and new forms of travel.
From the installation of the 1st automatic metro in Europe to the implementation of a multimodal traffic plan, something new has always been part of the journey.
Lille is synonymous with a new generation of metro systems, a kind of light rail with a small profile, with automatic control, the so-called VAL system (short for Véhicule automatique léger). After tests were carried out by MATRA in the early 1970s, CUDL decided in 1974 to build 4 VAL lines in the metropolitan area. Construction began in 1978 and the first line was opened on April 25, 1983 between the 4 cantons and the Republic. A year later, on May 2, 1984, the entire Line 1 (13.5 km long, 8.5 km underground) was opened. It connects CHR B Calmette (now CHU - Eurasanté) in Lille with the 4th canton in Villeneuve d'Asc via Gare Lille Flandres (Central Station). All stations have platform side doors to separate the platform from the train.
The Lille Metro (French: Métro de Lille) is a driverless metro located in Lille, France. It opened on 25 April 1983 and was the first to use the VAL system (French: véhicule automatique léger, English: light automated vehicle). This VAL system was the first fully automated metro of any type in Europe. The metro consists of 2 lines that serve 60 stations and runs over 45 kilometers (28 miles) of route.