HISTORY OF THE KIEV METROPOLITAN
Mister M presents
Kiev metro museum
The Kyiv Metro (Ukrainian: Ки́ївський метрополіте́н, romanized: Kyivskyi metropoliten, IPA: [ˈkɪjiu̯sʲkɪj ˌmɛtropol⁽ʲ⁾iˈtɛn]) is a rapid transit system that is the mainstay of Kyiv's public transport. It was the first rapid transit system in Ukraine and the third system in the Soviet Union, after Moscow and St. Petersburg. It has three lines with a total length of 67.56 kilometers (41.98 mi) and 52 stations. The system carries 1.331 million passengers daily (2015), accounting for 46.7% of Kyiv's public transport load (as of 2014). In 2016, the metro carried 484.56 million passengers. The deepest station in the world, Arsenalna (at 105.5 m or 346.1 ft), is found on the system.
The first idea for an underground railway appeared in 1884. The project, which was given for analysis to the city council by the director of the Southwestern railways, Dmytro Andrievskiy, planned to create tunnels from Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi railway station. The tunnel was expected to start near Poshtova square and finish near Bessarabka. A new railway station was to be built there, while the old railway station was to be converted into a freight railway station. The project was long discussed, but finally turned down by the city council.
The story of a rapid transit system in Kyiv begins in September 1916 when businessmen of the Russo-American trading corporation attempted to collect funds to sponsor construction of a metro in Kyiv, which previously had been a pioneering city for Imperial Russian rapid transit, opening the first Russian tram system. As a reason to construct it, the trading corporation wrote:
The development has been lately going in fast pace, not only when talking about population growth, but as well while talking about the development of the trade and industry businesses.
The style of the capital, as an indicator, reflects the era in which it appears - either economic, cultural, ideological upsurges or times of stagnation. Traits of style are assessed by a person both rationally and emotionally, therefore it is the era of a particular style that bears the imprint of its time, at a subconscious level it transfers a certain range of sensations to a person.
Our metro, along with the Moscow, Petersburg and others in the former USSR, without prejudice, is part of a unique phenomenon in world culture - a successfully implemented attempt to synthesize art with a utilitarian system. Unlike its Western counterparts, the artistic component is not separated from the viewer, placed in a certain volume. It has become a symbolic system that appeals to the viewer's perception and ideals.
The first metro trains consisted of three carriages. Associative exposition is also located in three halls. Information is presented on stands and showcases. Large photographs of the stations are placed in chronological order above the stand and the years of the launch sites are indicated.
The first hall is dedicated to the construction and opening of metro lines in different years. Here you will find documents and photos of the first years of construction and operation of the metro, personal belongings of previous leaders of the metro, awards - orders and much more. There is also a special exhibit here - an operating model of the Dnepr station in a standard size of 1:87 with the first depot in the form that they had in 1960-65. You can see how the D-type cars were lifted onto the station overpass.
Kiev. Metro. Akademgorodok - Lesnaya. Svyatoshinsko-Brovarskaya line. Metro train E-KM. July 28, 2015.