HISTORY OF THE HELSINKI METRO
Mister M presents
Helsinki Metro Museum
The Helsinki Metro (Finnish: Helsingin metro, Swedish: Helsingfors metro) is a rapid transit system serving Greater Helsinki, Finland. It is the world's northernmost metro system. The Helsinki Metro was opened to the general public on 2 August 1982 after 27 years of planning. It is operated by Helsinki City Transport for HSL and carries 92.6 million passengers per year.
The metro system consists of 2 lines, which serve a total of 25 stations. It has a total length of 35 kilometres (22 mi). The metro serves as the predominant rail link between the suburbs of East Helsinki and the western suburbs in the city of Espoo and downtown Helsinki.
The line passes under the Helsinki Central Station allowing passengers to transfer to and from the Helsinki commuter rail network, including trains on the Ring Rail Line to Helsinki Airport.
The initial motion for building a metropolitan railway system in Helsinki was made in September 1955, though during the five decades beforehand, the idea of a tunneled urban railway for Helsinki had surfaced several times. A suburban traffic committee (Finnish: Esikaupunkiliikenteen suunnittelukomitea) was formed under the leadership of Reino Castrén, and in late 1955, the committee set to work on the issue of whether or not there was truly a need for a tunneled public transport system in Helsinki. After nearly four years of work, the committee presented its findings to the city council. The findings of the committee were clear: Helsinki needed a metro system built on separate right-of-way. This was the first time the term "metro" was used to describe the planned system. At the time the committee did not yet elaborate on what kind of vehicles should be used on the metro: trams, heavier rail vehicles, buses or trolleybuses were all alternatives.
The metro is the fastest and most frequently used means of transport in the capital. The metro is convenient to use: there are only two directions, east and west. The track splits in two at Ithacheskus. Trains leave for Mellunmäki and Vuosaari in turn.
There are no turnstiles or controllers at the entrance to the metro. But before going to the station, you need to purchase a ticket. Metro tickets are consistent with coupons for other modes of transport.
The Helsinki Metro is the northernmost in the world. There are two lines, which have a large common area and a fork in the east. In this video: trains, videos and photos, development prospects