HISTORY OF THE DnIpro metro
Mister M presents
Dnipro Metro Museum
The Dnipro Metro (Ukrainian: Дніпровський метрополітен); is a single-line rapid transit system that serves the city of Dnipro, the fourth largest city in Ukraine by population. The metro was the fourth system constructed in Ukraine, after the Kyiv , Kharkiv and Kryvyy Rih metro systems, respectively, when it opened on December 29, 1995. The metro was the fifteenth built in the former Soviet Union region, and the first to open after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Dnipro Metro consists of one 7.8-kilometer (4.8 mi) line and 6 stations. The line starts at the Vokzalna station, near the city's central railway station in the east and ends at the Pokrovska station in the western part of the city. The system is open from 05:30 to 23:00. Ridership on the metro has steadily declined since its opening in 1995; in 2013, the metro carried only 7.51 million passengers (compared to 18.2 million in 1995). Initially, the metro trains carried five train cars each, but as the passenger ridership declined, the number of cars was reduced to three. The price for a single ride is currently 6 UAH; either plastic token or transit cards are used at the entrance gates.
Current expansion plans are projected to increase the number of stations to nine by 2024, which would extend the line 4 km to a total of 11.8 km (7.3 mile).
With the help from the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine Vladimir Shcherbitsky, in 1979 the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union affirmed the Central Committee of the Communist Party's action to allow the Gosplan (government planning agency) and the communication and transportation construction ministries to conduct research on construction a metropolitan system in Dnipropetrovsk. In 1980, four lines were planned with one line parallel to the Dnieper with nine stations: Kommunarov, Prospect Sovobdy, Mayakovskaya, Vozrozhdenie, Kalininskaya, Petrovsky Square, Teatralna, Lenin Square and "Student".
One of the main versions of the appearance of a deep underground underground in Dnepropetrovsk was a strategic factor. At the height of the Cold War, a map of the most important military facilities of the USSR was developed abroad, on which it was planned to inflict atomic strikes. Dnepropetrovsk was also included in the list of target cities, which in those years was a closed city and was the union center of rocketry. That is why, perhaps, it was decided to build another civil defense facility in Dnepropetrovsk - the subway. The preference was given to deep burial. This explains why five of the six stations of the first launch site are deep (moreover, the depth of placement reaches almost 70 meters!). Although, judging by the relief, geological and hydrological state of the ground, it would be quite possible to get by with shallow bedding.
Museum of the History of the Dnipropetrovsk Metro
The museum is located in one of the rooms of the metro administration building on ul. Kurchatova, 8:
Upon entering, the gaze rests on a huge photograph of the Metallurgov station, above which a diagram of the operating line and promising areas that may appear in the future glows:
The smallest metro in Ukraine is located in the Dnieper (Dnipropetrovsk until 2016). The length of the only line is 7.1 km and 6 stations. The travel time between the final stops is 12 minutes.