HISTORY OF METRO COPENHAGEN
Mister M presents
Copenhagen Metro Museum
The Copenhagen Metro (Danish: Københavns Metro, pronounced [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwns ˈme̝ːtsʰʁo]) is a 24/7 rapid transit system in Copenhagen, Denmark, serving the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, and Tårnby.
The original 20.4-kilometre (12.7 mi) system opened in October 2002, serving nine stations on two lines: M1 and M2. In 2003 and 2007, the Metro was extended to Vanløse and Copenhagen Airport (Lufthavnen) respectively, adding an additional six plus five stations to the network. In 2019, seventeen stations on a wholly underground circle line, the M3, was added bringing the number of stations to 37.
The driverless light metro supplements the larger S-train rapid transit system, and is integrated with local DSB and regional (Øresundståg) trains and municipal Movia buses. Through the city centre and west to Vanløse, M1 and M2 share a common line. To the southeast, the system serves Amager, with the 13.9-kilometre (8.6 mi) M1 running through the new neighborhood of Ørestad, and the 14.2-kilometre (8.8 mi) M2 serving the eastern neighborhoods and Copenhagen Airport. The M3 is a circle line connecting Copenhagen Central Station with Vesterbro, Frederiksberg, Nørrebro, Østerbro and Indre By districts. The metro has 39 stations, 25 of which are underground.
In 2019, the metro carried 79 million passengers.
The planning of the metro was spurred by the development of the Ørestad area of Copenhagen. The principle of building a rail transit was passed by the Parliament of Denmark on 24 June 1992, with the Ørestad Act. The responsibility for developing the area, as well as building and operating the metro, was given to the Ørestad Development Corporation, a joint venture between Copenhagen Municipality (45%) and the Ministry of Finance (55%). Initially, three modes were considered: a tramway, a light rail and a rapid transit.
Copenhagen's metro has been recognized as the best in the world several times due to the fact that the distance between trains without drivers is only two minutes, as well as a high level of reliability.
In October 2002, the first metro line was opened in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, fully automated from east to west.
The original metro system had a fleet of 34 trains, and 30 were added for Cityringen, each with 3 walk-through cars, 6 doors on each side, 100 seats with a total capacity of approx. 300 passengers on the train. For the first five years, Copenhagen's metro was operated by Ansaldo Trasporti, a partner of Ørestad and a train and railroad builder.
Nørreport provides a connection to Copenhagen's S-Tog system (commuter train system operated by DSB - Danish State Railways), which operates more like a metro within the city.
Copenhagen's Metro is one of the youngest and most unusual in Europe. Fully automated system, recognized as the best in Europe in 2008. In this video I will talk about lines, trains, show what a regular station looks like and mention the future lines 3 and 4 of the Copenhagen Metro.