HISTORY OF THE Cairo METRO
Mister M presents
Cairo Metro Museum
The Cairo Metro (Arabic: مترو أنفاق القاهرة, romanized: Metro Anfāq al-Qāhirah, lit. "Cairo Tunnel Metro" or مترو الأنفاق pronounced [ˈmetɾo lʔænˈfæːʔ]) is the rapid transit system in Greater Cairo, Egypt. It was the first of the three full-fledged metro systems in Africa and the first in the Arab world to be constructed. It was opened in 1987 as Line 1 from Helwan to Ramsis square with a length of 29 kilometres (18.0 mi). As of 2013, the metro carried nearly 4 million passengers per day. As of August 2020, the Cairo Metro has 74 stations (mostly at-grade), of which 3 are transfer stations, with a total length of 89.4 kilometres (55.6 mi). The system consists of three operational lines numbered from 1 to 3.
The Cairo Metro is run by the National Authority for Tunnels. The lines use standard gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)).
The middle two cars (4th and 5th) of each train have been reserved for women since 1989 (the 5th car becomes mixed-use after 21:00). There are blue signs at every station that signify the position of these cars. These cars are used as an option for women who do not wish to ride with men in the same car; however, women can still ride other cars freely. This policy was introduced for protection of women from sexual harassment by men.
Cairo Metro operates from 05:00 till 01:00 (except during Ramadan, when it operates from 05:00 till 02:00), with the remaining hours reserved for maintenance work.
The ticket price was EGP 1.00 for each journey, regardless of distance. The Ministry of Transportation agreed to double the ticket prices, starting from Friday 24 March 2017, costing EGP 2 for the normal ticket, 1.5 for the minors ticket, 1 for the special needs ticket after formerly costing 1, 0.75 and 0.5, respectively. Again on 10 May 2018, the ministry of transportation agreed to raise the ticket prices to be EGP 3 for 9 stops, EGP 5 for 16 stops and EGP 7 for more than 16 stops. As of July 2020, 9 stops cost EGP 5, 16 stops cost EGP 7, and rides exceeding 16 stops cost EGP 10.
Greater Cairo is the biggest Arab city in population and area, and ranked the seventh globally in terms of population (20 million and 901 thousand, est. 2020), and also representing 20 % of the total population of Egypt. So it’s the most populated cities in Egypt, as well as thousands of people come daily from other governorates to Cairo because of their work inside Cairo or finishing their personal interests or treatment where are many of services and governmental agencies and major hospitals.
So the Egyptian government takes parallel measures to improve the network of transportation to cope with population increase in the city and cover its requirements. So the government began to think of the subway as one of the solutions to the traffic crisis in the Egyptian capital.
The Egyptian capital Cairo (El Qahirah) has some 8.5 million inhabitants (12 million in the metropolitan area) and was the first city on the African continent to operate a metro system.
Line 1 was developed out of two suburban commuter rail lines which were connected through a tunnel in the city centre (44km). There are five air-conditioned underground stations with 200 m long platforms which are decorated with artistic elements related to Egyptian culture and history. The southern branch from the former health resort Helwan to Mubarak* (28.5km) (including new tunnel Sayyeda Zeinab - Mubarak*, 4.5km) opened in September 1987. Mubarak* station lies next to Cairo's main railway station under Ramses Square.
Subway ride in Sydney and my favorite subway line in Sydney. From here you can see Sydney Bridge and the Sindean Opera House
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