HISTORY OF THE ANKARA METRO
Mister M presents
Ankara Metro Museum
The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of two metro lines – the Batıkent Metrosu (M1)and the new Keçiören Metrosu (M4) line opened in 2017, along with the light rail Ankaray line. The Ankaray, the M1 and M4 lines, together transported 104.1 million passengers in 2014. That corresponds to a ridership of approximately 289,155 per day. In February 2019 all the lines that used to run M1, M2 and M3 were merged to create one line, M1.
The Kızılay to Atatürk Cultural Center link of M4 is not yet opened and remains under construction. Also, an additional line (approx. 25 km long) between Kuyubaşı and Esenboğa International Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro.
The Ankaray (from Turkish: Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), a light rail system (Turkish: Hafif Raylı, which literally translates as "Light Rail", though the line does operate as more of a "light metro" line) was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992–96). It opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between AŞTİ (Turkish: Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi – Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres (5.30 mi), of which 6.68 kilometres (4.15 mi) is through tunnels. The line has 11 stations.
The Ankara Metro has been operating since 29 December 1997, with the opening of its first full metro line, M1, traveling between Kızılay, the city center, and Batıkent. The M2 line, operating from Kızılay, the city center, to Koru, opened 12 February 2014. The M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Batıkent to Törekent, opened a month later on 13 March 2014.
Our organization was established as the Ankara Electricity and Gas Operations Organization on December 16, 1942, and with the incorporation of the Bus Operations Department in 1950, the Ankara Electricity, Gas and Bus Operations Organization (EGO Main Office) provided Ankara with electricity, gas (later natural gas). gas) and buses. The Turkish Electricity Authority provided electricity services in 1982, natural gas services in 2007. Capital Natural Gas Distribution Inc. Today, our organization has taken over the operation of bus and rail systems (metro) in the public transport sector in Ankara, as well as transportation planning services to ensure traffic order and safety in the city.
In the capital of the Republic of Turkey, the city of Ankara, the need to build a metro has long been ripe - the city is home to more than five million people, and therefore the problem with movement and traffic jams is one of the most pressing.
In 1996, the first stage of the Ankara metro was commissioned, which today consists of two lines. The first line is a light metro with a track length of almost nine kilometers. The second line stretches for 15 kilometers, of which 6.5 kilometers are in an underground tunnel. On the outskirts of the city, the paths are laid by an elevated way. Passengers of the Ankara metro can use the services of 45 stations, where it is possible to transfer to other types of public transport in the Turkish capital.
Ankara Metro. Metro in Turkey.