HISTORY OF THE Algeirs METRO
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Algeirs Metro Museum
The Algiers Metro (Arabic: مترو الجزائر العاصمة, Berber: Adubrid en Dzayer, French: Métro d'Alger) is a rapid transit system that serves Algiers, the capital of Algeria. Originally designed in the 1970s, it opened in 2011 after decades of delays due to financial difficulties and security issues. The Algiers Metro was the second metro system to open in Africa, after the Cairo Metro.
The first phase of Line 1, "Haï el Badr"–"Tafourah-Central Post Office", which spanned 9.2 kilometres (5.7 mi) and 10 stations, opened for public service on 1 November 2011. A 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) extension from "Haï el Badr" to "El Harrach Centre" opened for commercial service on 4 July 2015 after test runs in June.
During the 1970s, the promoters of the Algiers rapid transit subway project envisioned a 64 km (40 mi) network. The project was officially inaugurated in 1982, with technical studies completed in 1985. Authorities retained a German company and a Japanese specialist for building the network. The collapse of oil prices in the 1980s considerably affected the Algerian state's ability to continue funding the project. Authorities discussed the possibility of folding the subway development programme into other mass-transit projects but eventually decided to continue with the original Metro program, albeit slowly.
In 1988-89, Algeria awarded construction contracts to two national companies: COSIDER and GENISIDER. Neither was experienced in running large urban transit development projects. Construction encountered financial and political difficulties, with only four stations constructed in 15 years. Moreover, the Algiers soil is difficult to dig in, and the city's topography is irregular. Work did not advance significantly for many years.
In 1994, a first 450 m long section, called Emir-Abdelkader, was completed. Another 650 m section, connecting the Central Post Office to Khélifa-Boukhalfa, was completed soon after.
Pursuant to the decision of the Public Authorities, the Algiers Metro Company-EMA announces the resumption of the commercial operation of the Algiers Metro on Thursday, October 07, 2021 from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Algiers Metro users are informed that a health protocol is in place as part of the fight against the spread of COVID-19.
Algiers (al Jaza'ir or al Djazair; French Alger), the capital of Algeria, has some 3.5 million inhabitants. Algiers is an important seaport on the Mediterranean Sea, 425 km from Valencia or 750 km from Marseille.
The construcion of the Algiers Metro was first launched in 1980, but suffered many delays and temporary suspensions. In 2006, it was relaunched with construction awarded to the Siemens-led consortium that includes Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles S.A. (CAF) and Vinci Construction. As consortium leader Siemens Transportation Systems France was responsible for the overall project management, the control and signaling systems, telecommunications, power supply, ticketing, tracks and control center equipment.
Channel author Oleg Vasiliev
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