HISTORY OF THE ADANA METRO
Mister M presents
Adana Metro Museum
In Adana, southern Turkey, a light metro line (similar to those in Izmir or Bursa) has been under construction since 1992, and the first mostly surface section finally opened in March 2009.
Route 1 (Khastane - Akincilar):
Partly underground, partly overground, fully insulated, no crossings
More than one and a half million people live in the Turkish city of Adana, and the problem with urban traffic jams has become one of the main problems in the work of public transport. That is why, in 1988, the authorities began designing the Adana metro, which was supposed to significantly relieve the city's highways. In 1996, construction began, but it was suspended several times due to funding problems. In 2009, the first stage of the Adana metro was commissioned. On the 8.5-kilometer route, eight stations were opened for the entry and exit of passengers.
Adana Metro (Turkish: Adana metrosu) is a rail rapid transit system extending 13.5 kilometers (8.4 mi) along a north–south corridor through Adana, with 13 stations. It can transport 21,600 passengers per hour per direction. The total travel time on the metro, end to end, takes 21 minutes, including all stops.
The rapid transit system for Adana was initiated in 1988 after requests from the mayor Aytaç Durak and the Çukurova University rector Mithat Özsan to the Ministry of Transportation. A feasibility report was completed on May 30, 1990, by the consortium of PMBI A.Ş. and Brinckerkoff Int.Inc. The report was approved by the State Planning Agency and the construction of the rapid transit system was included in the 1993 investment program. In 1996, the project was contracted to Adtranz-Alarko-ABB Electric Consortium for $US 340 million.
To accommodate the new residential developments along the project route and to better integrate northern and southern Adana, the Adana Metropolitan Municipality decided to make an amendment to the project plan by extending the line to southern Adana. The southernmost point of the initial project had been the D-400 state road. Amendments were approved by State Planning Agency in 1999 and the construction of the metro started on 28 January 1999.
Unexpected costs increases during the construction of the Metro led to the need for extra funding for the project. Metropolitan Municipality made a request to State Planning Agency for new funding, but the request was declined. As a result, construction of the Metro stopped in 2002. After 6 years, the Municipality was able to get approval for new funding of $US 194.2 million and construction resumed in 2008.
On 18 March 2009, the Metro was partially opened for the 8 km long section between Hastane and Vilayet stations, with 36-car fleet purchased from Hyundai Rotem.