HISTORY OF THE CALCUTTA METRO
Mister M presents
Kolkata Metro Museum
The Kolkata Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Kolkata in West Bengal, India. As of February 2021, it has two operational lines, a 31.36 km (19.49 mi) line from Dakshineswar to Kavi Subhash and a 7.205 km (4.477 mi) line from Salt Lake Sector V to Phoolbagan, for a total of 38.565 km (23.963 mi). Four other lines are in various phases of construction. The system has a mix of underground, at-grade and elevated stations using both broad-gauge and standard-gauge tracks. Trains operate between 05:45 and 21:55 IST and the fares range from ₹5 to ₹30 (US$0.07 to US$0.40). Due to covid-19 pandemic, tickets cannot be purchased with cash. A metro smart card is essential for buying tickets.
The Kolkata Metro is the first planned and operational rapid transit system in India. It was initially planned in the 1920s, but construction started in the 1970s. The first underground stretch, from Bhawanipore (now Netaji Bhawan) to Esplanade, opened in 1984. Line 2, or the East–West Corridor, opened in 2020. It is the fifth-longest operational metro network in India after the Delhi Metro, Hyderabad Metro, Chennai Metro and Namma Metro.
Metro Railway, Kolkata and Kolkata Metro Rail Corporation are the owners and operator of the system. On 29 December 2010, Metro Railway, Kolkata, became the 17th zone of the Indian Railways, completely owned and funded by the Ministry of Railways. It is the only metro in the country to be controlled by Indian Railways. There are around 300 daily train trips carrying more than 700,000 passengers.
In the September 1919 session of the Imperial Legislative Council at Shimla, a committee was set up by W. E. Crum that recommended a metro line for Kolkata. This line was supposed to connect Bagmari in the east to Benaras Road, Salkia, in Howrah in the west via a tunnel beneath Hooghly River.
The Kolkata Metro is the first underground metro in India. It stretches from Noapara near Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Airport in Kolkata to Kavi Subhash Metro Station near Garia, on Kolkata's bustling North-South axis, with a length of 27,226 km. with 24 stations and 15.70 km. underground site. Based on traffic studies, the Doom Doom - Tollyganj corridor was first selected for implementation and work commenced on December 29, 1972. The first metro line in India was completed on October 24, 1984, a section of approximately 3.4 km between Esplanada and Bhovanipur (Netaji). Bhavan), open to the public. The Kolkata Underground Railroad was built gradually from 1972 to 2013.
Kolkata (formerly known as Kolkata) with a population of over 11 million is one of the largest cities in Asia. It is located in the state of West Bengal, in the east of India.
In 1971, a Master Plan was developed, which included 5 rapid transit lines, of which the north-south route was considered the most important. Construction (mostly partial) began in 1973 and the first section was opened to public services in 1984 between Esplanade and Bhovanipur (3.4 km). This was the first metro line in India.
On the day of my departure from Kolkata, I decided to visit the main temple complexes and, without fail, take a ride on the local metro. In general, I have such a quirk that I have to ride the subway, if there is one, and be sure to grab tokens from there as a keepsake. In Kolkata, just like in any major Indian city, there are hundreds of temples, but there are special ones that can really surprise you with their architecture. In this video I will show you the Jain temple complexes and tell you who it is, and we will also visit the Ramakrishna community in Belurmat and the temple of the goddess Kali in Dakshineswar, where all cameras and smartphones are taken away and you cannot take pictures and video. But somehow I got both videos and photos;)